October 22, 2014

The Demise of Bio-Cultural Landscapes in Guinea-Bissau

Marina TemudoAfrican Studies Centre (Oxford University) Tropical Research Institute (IICT)

Shifting cultivation has been considered a major cause of deforestation and forest degradation many times over by both by scholars and conservation agents. Thus, the adoption of permanent agriculture is advocated as an environmentally friendly alternative, allegedly because it will allow the intensification of land use and the set-aside and protection of forest reserves. The […]

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October 18, 2014

Landscape Democracy: Inconsistent or Lacking Altogether?

Editor’s note: Democracy in landscape policy and planning appears to be lacking. It is imperative to understand the roles and values of those cultivating the land when deciding the future of agriculture in a particular region. However, as Andrew Butler argues in this post that originally appeared on AgriCultures Network, in today’s dialogue there is an inconsistency […]

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October 16, 2014

Growing Food and Biodiversity

Sam QuinnThe Farm at Sunnyside

Food production and biological conservation may often appear to be at odds, but both share poignant similarities. Farming today faces its own diversity crisis—mirroring precipitous declines in biological diversity, fewer and fewer crops account for an ever-growing proportion of our diet. Thanks to this growing understanding of the inseparable link between wild species and farming, […]

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October 15, 2014

Addressing Gender Inequality in Climate Change Programs and Policies

Sarina KatzEcoAgriculture Partners

The United Nations’ groundbreaking Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were signed by all 189 member states at the turn of the century in 2000 with eight goals aimed at reducing global poverty and its related consequences by the year 2015. In addition to income and hunger, the goals are tied to health, education, gender inequalities, and […]

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October 13, 2014

Tanzanian Villagers Take Land Use Planning Into Their Own Hands

Margie MillerEcoAgriculture Partners

Tenure security and food security in Tanzania At this week’s 41st meeting of the Food and Agriculture Organization Committee on World Food Security, land tenure is sure to be an important topic. Villagers in Southern Tanzania also have this topic on their mind, as their communities are eyed with interest by the Southern Agricultural Growth […]

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October 10, 2014

The Fall and Rise Again of Plantations in Tropical Asia: What it Means for Agricultural Landscapes

Derek Byerlee, Visiting Scholar, Stanford University

Investment in large farms goes against historical trends In 2008, I co-directed the World Development Report on Agriculture for Development, which strongly argued for a development strategy based on small and medium sized family farms—smallholders for short. Since then, I have been following the surge in investor interest in large farms and plantations. Although much […]

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