Publication Details

Landscape Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Achieving the SDGs through Integrated Landscape Management


  • Melissa Thaxton
  • Thomas Forster
  • Peter Hazlewood
  • Leida Mercado
  • Constance Neely
  • Sara Scherr
  • Louis Wertz
  • Sylvia Wood
  • Edoardo Zandri


December 4, 2015

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Short Summary

To achieve the SDGs by 2030 will require a radically different paradigm of development than was applied to the Millennium Development Goals. A new approach that breaks down sectoral barriers, capitalizes on synergies in land uses and human development, and strengthens coordination and participation of a wide range of stakeholders is needed. Integrated landscape management (ILM) is that approach. This paper makes the case for how we get there.


Integrated Landscape Management and the SDGs

How a new approach to sustainable development called integrated landscape management can help us achieve the #GlobalGoals.

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A Pathway to the Future We Want

  • Integrated landscape management offers an action-oriented means to achieve multiple SDG targets simultaneously at local and subnational levels.
  • National governments can readily build integrated landscape management into their national sustainable development strategies and utilize the approach as an integration and implementation mechanism for achieving multiple SDGs.
  • The International community, donors, investors, and national governments should prioritize support for integrated place-based – rather than sector-based – development finance.
  • Since UN Member States have recognized that that the Sustainable Development Goals are indivisible and should be implemented in an integrated manner, achieving the goals will require intentional actions to overturn the business-as-usual single-sector and siloed approach to development.
  • Collaborative planning, negotiation, and action at landscape scale in particular is essential to support improved coordination, the identification of synergies, and the management of trade-offs among diverse stakeholders.
  • Integrated landscape management has been implemented and successful in a wide range of environments and cultures across the globe, providing practical examples of place-based implementation to enhance ecosystems and livelihoods.

Universal and Indivisible

Interventions aimed at impacting one sustainable development goal will inevitably impact others.

With ILM, communities anticipate these impacts and interactions across all stakeholder groups, capturing synergies and minimizing tradeoffs to increase outcomes for all.

SDG-InfographicTo See an interactive version of this graphic, and explore a map of  Integrated Landscape Initiatives worldwide, visit

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