Publication Details

Terraced hillslopes in Uganda. Photo by Seth Shames/EcoAgriculture Partners.

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© 2015. World Agrorestry Centre (ICRAF)

Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice

Multifunctionality in Practice


  • Peter Minang
  • Meine van Noordwijk
  • Olivia E. Freeman
  • Cheikh Mbow
  • Jan de Leeuw
  • Delia E. Catacutan



February 2, 2015

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Short Summary

This edited volume explores a ‘landscape approach’ to achieving multiple climate, social, development and environmental objectives.


A ‘landscape approach’ to achieving multiple climate, social, development and environmental objectives.

Building on climate-smart landscapes as a growing platform and pathway towards achieving multi functionality, this book in 27 chapters draws strongly from practices, methods, examples and considerations for applying landscape approaches to achieve multifunctional outcomes and in particular, address the complex challenge of climate change.


(click to download each chapter)

Part 1: Introduction


Peter Minang, Meine van Noordwijk, Olivia E. Freeman, Cheikh Mbow, Jan de Leeuw, and Delia E. Catacutan


Part 2: Understanding Landscapes


Whither landscapes? Compiling requirements of the landscape approach
Emmanuel Torquebiau


Characterising multifunctionality in climate-smart landscapes
Olivia E. Freeman


What can climate-smart agricultural landscapes learn from the gestion de terroirs approach?
Florence Bernard


Landscape restoration from a social-ecological system perspective
Lalisa A. Duguma, Peter A. Minang, Mathew Mpanda, Anthony Kimaro, and Dieudonne Alemagi


Climate Smart Territories (CST): An integrated approach to food security, ecosystem services, and climate change in rural areas
Bastiaan Louman, José Joaquín Campos-Arce, Leida Mercado, Pablo Imbach, Claudia Bouroncle, Bryan Finegan, Claudia Martinez, César Mendoza, Roger Villalobos, Claudia Medellín, Cristobal Villanueva, Tatiana Mendoza, Amilcar Aguilar, and Danilo Padilla


Integrated landscape initiatives in practice: assessing experience from 191 landscapes in Africa and Latin America
Abigail K. Hart, Jeffrey C. Milder, Natalia Estrada-Carmona, Fabrice A.J. DeClerck, Celia A. Harvey, and Philip Dobie


How can an integrated landscape approach contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and advance climate-smart objectives?
Cheikh Mbow, Constance Neely, and Philip Dobie
 Part 3: From Concepts to Inducing Change


Scale considerations in landscape approaches
Peter A. Minang, Lalisa A. Duguma, Dieudonne Alemagi, and Meine van Noordwijk


Leveraging landscapes: A systems approach to drivers of change
Lalisa A. Duguma and Peter A. Minang


Landcare – a landscape approach at scale
Delia Catacutan, Clinton Muller, Mary Johnson, and Dennis Garrity


Landscape-level constraints and opportunities for sustainable intensification in smallholder systems in the tropics
Ingrid Oborn, Shem Kuyah, Mattias Jonsson, A. Sigrun Dahlin, Hosea Mwangi, and Jan de Leeuw


Water-focused landscape management
Meine van Noordwijk, Beria Leimona, Ma Xing, Lisa Tanika, Sara Namirembe, and Didik Suprayogo


Opportunities and challenges of landscape approaches for sustainable charcoal production and use
Miyuki Iiyama, Henry Neufeldt, Philip Dobie, Roy Hagen, Mary Njenga, Geoffrey Ndegwa, Jeremias Gasper Mowo, Philip Kisoyan, and Ramni Jamnadass


Gender-specific spatial perspectives and scenario building approaches for understanding gender equity and sustainability in climate-smart landscapes
Grace B. Villamor, P. Afiavi Dah-gbeto, Andrew Bell, Ujjwal Pradhan, and Meine van Noordwijk


The opportunity costs of emission reduction: a methodology and application to support land use planning for low emission development
S. Suyanto, Andree Ekadinata, Rachmat Mulia, Feri Johana, and Atick Widayati


Negotiation support tools to enhance multifunctioning landscapes
Sonya Dewi, Andree Ekadinata, Dony Indiarto, Alfa Nugraha, and Meine van Noordwijk


Institutional arrangements for climate-smart landscapes
Susan W. Wambugu, Susan W. Chomba, and Joanes Atela
 Part 4: Involving the Private Sector


Private sector investment in landscape approaches: the role of production standards and certification
Gabrielle Kissinger, Mark Moroge, and Martin Noponen


Landscape approaches to sustainable supply chain management: the role of agribusinesses
Amos Gyau, Judith Oduol, Mercy Mbugua, Divine Foundjem-Tita, Djalal Ademonla Arinloye, and Christophe Koame


Private sector engagement in landscape-based approaches – lessons from cases in East Africa
Sara Namirembe and Florence Bernard
 Part 5: Contextualized Experience


Operationalizing climate-smart agricultural landscapes: the case of a tea-producing landscape in Kericho, Kenya
Jeffrey C. Milder, Mark Moroge, and Seth Shames


Institutional dynamics and landscape change – a case study of Southern Cameroon
Divine Foundjem-Tita, Stijn Speelman, Peter A. Minang, Peter Mbile, Samuel N. Ndobe, and Zac Tchoundjeu


Pathways for sustainable intensification and diversification of cocoa agroforestry landscapes in Cameroon
Dieudonne Alemagi, Peter A. Minang, Lalia A. Duguma, Anderson Kehbila, and Faith Ngum


Landscape approaches in the Congo Basin: Linking the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Emission Reduction Program (ERP) and the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE)
Kalame Fobissie
Part 6: Synthesis and Conclusions


The future of landscape approaches: Interacting theories of place and change
Meine van Noordwijk, Peter A. Minang, Olivia E. Freeman, Cheikh Mbow, and Jan de Leeuw


Enhancing multifunctionality through system improvement and landscape democracy processes: a synthesis
Peter A. Minang, Lalia A. Duguma, Meine van Noordwijk, Ravi Prabhu, and Olivia E. Freeman


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