Blog

January 28, 2015

Sacred village forests: a kind of natural reserve and support to traditional eco-agriculture

Yinxian Shi Chinese Academy of Sciences

Sacred natural forests are common in many inhabited areas in China, and have historically been protected and worshipped by several groups of people. There are two major kinds of sacred natural forests: those belonging to regional areas and those belonging to local areas. The first kind of sacred natural forest is held by people from […] ...
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January 2, 2015

Understanding the relationship between Forests and Agriculture: the need for a landscape approach

Richard McNally SNV, the Netherlands Development Organisation

The agriculture sector sustains the livelihoods of millions of smallholder families and is at the center of national policies to alleviate rural poverty. However, this need for land for agriculture is also the main driver of deforestation and land degradation. A major challenge is how to encourage pro-poor agricultural development while mitigating deforestation and associated [ ...
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September 5, 2014

European Wood-Pastures as Cultural Landscapes

Tobias Plieninger University of Copenhagen Tibor Hartel Sapientia University, Romania

European landscapes are shaped by long-lasting, intensive and complex interactions between people and nature. This interaction has generated values that are appreciated by society, nowadays called “landscape values” or “ecosystem services,” but many of these cultural landscape values are in decline. Wood-pastures—combinations of grazing lands with scattered trees—ar ...
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August 4, 2014

Where Are the Monkeys? The Fallacy of Evaluating Conservation from Above the Canopy

By Torsten Krause, Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies Tropical deforestation and forest degradation has made its way into international news headlines and political agendas. The urgency and need to reduce forest loss is clearer than ever before, and many new initiatives are being proposed. Engaging with and tackling the economic drivers of deforestation and [&hel ...
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July 23, 2014

Diving Deeply Into Integrated Landscape Management: The Case of Araucarias del Alto Malleco Model Forest in Chile

Abigail Hart EcoAgriculture Partners

English Español What does it actually mean to be a platform that supports integrated landscape management? After working day in and day out with landscape leaders striving to implement landscape approaches while conducting the Continental Review of Integrated Landscape Initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean, I found that I was still full of questions […] ...
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July 4, 2014

Managing Landscapes in Africa: From ‘Evil Forests’ to a Half-Urban, Half-Rural People

Daisy Ouya World Agroforestry Centre

Policy makers in Africa must think globally, regionally and locally for sustainable landscape management. Africa—a diverse, resource-rich yet food-insecure continent—urgently needs an integrated landscapes approach to policy-making in order to meet food security and development goals while protecting the natural resource base that makes it all possible. To feed and nourish ...
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June 6, 2014

Biodiverse Planting for Carbon and Biodiversity on Indigenous Land

By Anna. R. Renwick, NERP Environmental Decisions Hub, University of Queensland, Brisbane Climate change has prompted the development of methods to reduce greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and many countries have established emissions trading schemes that offer incentives to offset carbon emissions. In addition to carbon storage, these schemes have the potential to deliver ot ...
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June 2, 2014

Promoting Synergies Between Biodiversity and Livelihoods in Coffee Landscapes

By Getachew Tadesse, Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz   Agriculture was probably 8,000 years old by the time Arabica coffee was first domesticated in the montane forests of Ethiopia around 800 AD. Throughout its history, agriculture has been largely dependent on natural ecosystems and native biodiversity and will continue to be so [&hellip ...
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May 27, 2014

The Forgotten Majority? – Peruvian Smallholders at the Farm-Forest Interface

Peter Cronkleton CIFOR Mary Menton CIFOR

In recent decades, Peru has experimented with policy reforms to promote more sustainable forest management. At the same time, donors and NGOs have introduced community forestry initiatives that have tried to encourage rural people to participate legally in the forestry sector. However, it’s not clear whether these efforts have had a widespread positive effect on […] ...
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April 30, 2014

The Cultural and Ecological Significance of European Wood-Pastures with Reference to Central Romania

By Tibor Hartel, Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Department of Environmental Science and Art, Cluj-Napoca, Romania Wood-pastures are probably the most important ecological and cultural identity bearing landscapes of the European continent. These are grazed landscapes with trees and shrubs—similar landscapes evolved in prehistoric times under natural phenomena, ...
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