October 22, 2014

The Demise of Bio-Cultural Landscapes in Guinea-Bissau

Marina Temudo African Studies Centre (Oxford University) Tropical Research Institute (IICT)

Shifting cultivation has been considered a major cause of deforestation and forest degradation many times over by both by scholars and conservation agents. Thus, the adoption of permanent agriculture is advocated as an environmentally friendly alternative, allegedly because it will allow the intensification of land use and the set-aside and protection of forest reserves. The [& ...
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July 18, 2014

Soil Restoration in Mexico’s Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve/Restauración de Suelos en la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda, México

By/Por Esther Díaz Pérez English Español After centuries of farming practices in the rugged mountains of the Sierra Madre Oriental, the scars of deforestation are indelibly marked on the area known as Sierra Gorda. In the past, the steep slopes lost their protective forest cover and the soil was deeply eroded. Coupled with this, the soil’s […] ...
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October 11, 2013

Permaculture and Agroecology: Building Household Demonstrations to Improve Food Security, Livelihoods, and Ecosystems in Malawi

By Chisomo Kamchacha, Evaluation Specialist, Kusamala Institute of Agriculture & Ecology, Malawi Rhoda lives with her mother and sister near Lilongwe, Malawi, and grows a diverse range of vegetables for consumption and for sale. Selling vegetables is an additional income source for her and it has helped to improve her family’s livelihood. However, through government [&hel ...
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October 2, 2013

A New Frame for Agricultural Intensification

Three strong perspectives characterized the Roundtable on the Landscapes Blog, and challenged readers to rethink the frame in which sustainable intensification is set. Professor Joern Fischer dispels notions of optimizing for one output, arguing that many traditional systems are efficient as well as diverse, we just need to consider efficiency of the whole – of multiple ...
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October 5, 2012

An Agroecological Graphic Break

Presenting a stark contrast between industrial agriculture and agroecological methods, this infographic developed by the Christensen Fund actually depicts the complexity of agricultural landscapes, as well as the interactions and interdependencies of different land use types. ...
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September 7, 2012

Nature + People and Food

Moving rapidly from climate change and agriculture, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature World Conservation Congress began yesterday morning in Jeju, South Korea. With this year’s theme ‘Nature +’ the Congress is looking beyond conservation and environmental protection, to the interplay between human needs and activities and the natural world ...
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May 21, 2012

Landscape-Level Conservation Agriculture

Conservation agriculture has been promoted as a means to increase water and nutrient efficiencies in semi-arid regions of African, through a suite of practices such as cover-cropping and no-till agriculture. However, adoption of conservation agriculture on the continent has been low. A recent article in the journal Field Crops Research explores the reasons behind this lack [&h ...
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May 9, 2012

Biodiversity and Organic Agriculture: A Symbiotic Relationship

Last week, we highlighted recent research and discussion around organic versus conventional agricultural methods as a means to feed the world. Today, Dr. Lise Andreasen, International Coordinator for the International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems (ICROFS) in Denmark, explores how organic agriculture can play a role in a landscape approach to sustainable intensifi ...
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May 2, 2012

Closing the Gap

“The world already produces more than 1 ½ times enough food to feed everyone on the planet,” noted an article from the Institute for Food and Development Policy. Referencing a new study in the journal Nature by Seufert, Ramankutty, and Foley, the article argues that the primary concern now in combating food insecurity is with access and […] ...
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February 28, 2012

Agroecological Grazing at Scale

A recent article in the open-source journal Solutions describes an integrated approach to the provision of public ecosystem services. Authors Joshua Farley, Abdon Schmitt F., Juan Alvez, and Norton Ribeiro de Freitas Jr. present an example of Management-Intensive Grazing (MIG) as a case study for how an incentivescheme could support agroecology. In this system riparian zones [ ...
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